How To tie a Tie

A necktie (or tie) is a long piece of cloth worn for decorative purposes around the neck or shoulders, resting under the shirt collar and knotted at the throat. Variants include the ascot tie, bow tie, bolo tie, and the clip-on tie. The modern necktie, ascot, and bow tie are descended from the cravat. Neck ties are generally unsized, but may be available in a longer size. Men and boys wear neckties as part of regular office attire or formal wear. Neckties can also be worn as part of a uniform (e.g. military, school and waitstaff), whereas some choose to wear them as everyday clothing attire. Neckties are traditionally worn with the top shirt button fastened, and the tie knot resting comfortably between the collar points. However, it has become common in recent times for neckties to be worn as a casual item, tied loosely around the neck, nearly always with one or several buttons unfastened.

Originally worn for warmth by soldiers, the tie appeared in France during the reign of Louis XIII. At that time, Croatian soldiers were recruited by the king of France. They wore a knotted scarf around their necks. Some historians even think that the word for tie in French, cravate, is a deformation of the word croate.
Around 1650 ties were worn at the court of Louis XIV. There was competition to see who could sport the most elegant and audacious apparel by adding lace and silk ribbons. This fashion spread throughout Europe.
Worn by the rich and by dandies, the tie remained fashionable during the following century. It also underwent several changes.

A more functional tie developed during the second half of the 19th century due to the influence of the industrial revolution on textiles. A new tie appeared, longer and straighter. This new style of tie, named the REGATTA, was widely worn, and is the basic model of today’s tie.

In 1926, Jesse Langsdorf, a New York inventor, had the idea of cutting the form of the tie diagonally across the fabric and of making it with three separate pieces. This gave a more supple tie. Our modern tie was born.

Today, every day, school children in Nepal, businessmen in Manhattan, and hundreds of millions of men throughout the world wear ties.

Tie Knot Types:-

  1. Four-in-hand
  2. Double Knot
  3. Windsor Knot
  4. Half Windsor
  5. Small Knot
  6. Bow Tie


The four-in-hand is the all-time classic of tie knots. It is by far the most used, because it is simple to tie. It works well for most types of tie and with nearly all types of shirt collar. It is perfect for men of medium height and for tall men.
Conical and elongated, the Four-in-hand is narrow when tied with a lightweight fabric and wider when formed with a thick material.
The Four-in-hand
Preparation: Turn up the collar of your shirt, button the top button, then put the tie around your neck.
Medium height men should position the narrow end of the tie at waist level. Tall men should position the narrow end a little above the waist. Narrow-chested men will look better with the Double Knot which has a similar shape.
The steps:
Step 1: Just below the collar, lay the wide end over the narrow end.
Step 2: Take the wide end behind the narrow end.
Step 3: Bring the wide end across the layover.
Step 4: Holding a finger in the loop, bring the wide end up, then down through the loop.
Step 5: Holding the narrow end, pull the knot gently up to the top shirt button.
When the knot is finished, the narrow end must be concealed and the wide end should be level with your belt.

The Double Knot

The Double Knot is very similar to the Four-in-Hand. It has just one more layover. At the beginning the wide end is turned twice over the narrow end.
The slightly thicker finished knot makes it ideal for use with most shirts. It is also perfect with all types of tie, with the exception of very thick fabrics.
The Double Knot
Preparation: Slide the tie around your neck after first having buttoned up the top button of your shirt and turned up the collar.
The two ends of the tie must be of different lengths. The wide end must hang down much further than the narrow end.
Tying the Double Knot in 4 steps:
Step 1: Just below the collar, lay the wide end over the narrow end (see steps 1 to 3 of the Simple Knot).
Step 2: Take the wide end behind the narrow end a second time.
Step 3: Bring the wide end up and under the layover and then into the loop formed by the first or second layer.
Step 4: Finally, adjust the knot and slide it up to the centre of your collar.

The Windsor Knot

The Windsor Knot is the knot for special occasions. Typically English, it owes its name to the Duke of Windsor who made it popular.
As the finished knot has considerable volume it is preferable to restrict its use to wide-spaced collars such as Italian collars or Windsor collars.
This knot is complicated to form. It has to fit exactly between the two ends of the collar and must completely hide the top button of the shirt.
The Full Windsor
Preparation: Slide the tie around your neck after first having buttoned up the top button of your shirt and turned up the collar. The two ends of the tie must be of different lengths. The wide end must hang down much longer than the narrow end.
The steps:
Step 1: Lay the wide end over the narrow end.
Step 2: Bring the wide end up through the gap between the layover and your neck.
Step 3: Take the wide end to the right behind the layover, then forwards and up, then down into the gap between the layover and your neck.
Step 4: Take the wide end round the front of the layover, up close to your neck, and down through the loop just formed.
Step 5: Hold the narrow end and tighten the finished knot by pulling it gently up to centre it on your collar.

The Half Windsor

The Half Windsor is similar to the Full Windsor although slightly less bulky, and easier to do.
It is ideal for lightweight or not too thick fabrics. This elegant triangular knot works well with shirts with a classic collar or an open-collar.
The Half Windsor
Preparation: Place the tie around your neck. Medium-sized men should start with the narrow end well below the belt.
Tying the Half Windsor in 4 steps:
Step 1: Lay the wide end over the narrow end. Hold this layover and make a second turn around the narrow end just above the first.
Step 2: Take the wide end horizontally behind the layover and bring it forward.
Step 3: Hold the layover, take the wide end up under the layover and slide it down through the loop.
Step 4: Hold the narrow end and pull gently on the wide end to form the knot. When finished, the narrow end should be concealed behind the wide end, which should be level with your belt.

The Small Knot

As its name clearly indicates, this is a small knot.
Its great advantage is its use with heavy fabrics and/or with close-cut collars. Do not use it on collars that are long or wide-spaced.
Easy to do, even with its 180° twist, the Small Knot is by far the easiest of all the knots.
The Small Knot
Preparation: Put the tie in place around your neck, then twist the wide end 180° (see illustration above). To avoid doing the twist you can simply place your tie around your neck back to front. The wide end needs to be longer than the narrow end.
Tying the Small Knot in 4 steps: Step 1: Under the collar, lay the wide end over the narrow end.
Step 2: Now run the wide end over the layover.
Step 3: Hold the layover with one hand and run the wide end behind the layover and up. Smooth out the wide end and slide it down through the loop of the layover.
Step 4: Adjust the knot, sliding it up to your collar.
For a smart finish the knot must cover the top button of your shirt and the narrow end must be completely hidden.

The Bow Tie

Bow ties are available in the same ranges of colours and patterns as the classic tie.
Generally black, a bow tie is worn with black evening dress and a white shirt with a “broken” collar. It can also be worn more casually with a suit and a shirt with a wide-spaced collar.
The Bow Tie:The Bow Tie
Tying the Bow Tie:
Step 1: Adjust the tie to have one end lower than the other.
Step 2: Around your neck, lay the longer end over the shorter end.
Step 3: Slide the lower end up and under the bow.
Steps 4 and 5: Make the two butterfly wings by folding the shorter end horizontally.
Step 6: Fold the wider end over the front of the knot being formed.
Step 7: Then hide the longer end under the folded part.
Step 8: Finally, adjust the knot by pulling gently on both bows.
In theory, when finished, the ends of the two bows should align with the pupils of your eyes.


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